The Chumash and the Presidio of Santa Barbara
The Chumash and the Presidio of Santa Barbara:
Evolution of a Relationship, 1782-1823
by Marie Christine Duggan, Ph.D. Santa Barbara California, 2004:
Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation
In this essay about the relationships between Native peoples and the Presidio soldiers in Alta California, Dr. Duggan explains that Chumash Indians and soldiers in Santa Barbara turned out to be closely intertwined on a day-to-day basis in everything from outright military conflict to political negotiation, ongoing labor ties, and a shared passion for gambling.